Wednesday, 22 May 2024
BusinessAndalusia loses 120 million euros in the first year of the Planas...

Andalusia loses 120 million euros in the first year of the Planas CAP reform

The Governing Council of the Junta de Andalucía has taken note of the economic assessment carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Water and Rural Development on the impact of the reform of the Common Agrarian Policy (CAP) in the 2023 campaign, in the It has been calculated that Andalusia has lost 120 million euros compared to payments made in the previous financial year, which represents a reduction of 8.3%. According to calculations by the Andalusian Government, in the entire period of the new CAP (2023-2027) the loss will exceed 500 million.

The Junta de Andalucía is paying around 1,320 million euros in direct aid of the CAP for the financial year 2023, of which, despite the fact that the payment period does not end until June 1, 2024, payment of approximately 88% of the total has already been made.

The loss is concentrated in the so-called decoupled payments, which have the triple purpose of contributing to a fair income for farmers and ranchers, compensating for lost profits and increased costs by increasing sustainability in their procedures and promoting generational change. The amount allocated to decoupled payments would represent approximately 1,160 million euros, which would mean a loss close to 11% rregarding the 2022 application.

They are especially the most productive agricultural regions affectedwhich lost more than 15% compared to the previous campaign.

national problem

The negotiation of the new CAP in Brussels in 2020 left the Spanish countryside moderately satisfied. The European Union assigned 47,682 million euros for the period 2023-27. The amounts were similar to those of the previous system. It was necessary to know the internal distribution that was carried out in each State. And from the first moment agricultural organizations such as Asaja, Coag and Cooperativas Agro-alimentarias de Andalucía cried out to the sky when they understood that the new distribution was significantly harming Andalusia, compared to communities such as Castilla-La Mancha or Catalonia that benefited. There was transfer between territories, and Andalusia paid for the party.

The estimates that agricultural organizations have been making for two years coincide with the calculations made by the Junta de Andalucía already with official distribution data.

Luis Planas’ Strategic Plan penalizes productive diversity by reduce the number of regions (from the current 50 to 20) and because some of the agricultural regions that generated the most basic payment aid in the provinces of Seville, Jaén or Huelva are degraded and integrated into less productive regions. The design of the ecoschemes is also detrimental to Andalusia.

“It is not true that it harms large landowners and benefits small farmers. It punishes productive agriculture, the professional farmer“, has been insisting since Asaja.

Examples

The new CAP causes a 30% reduction in aid for 750,000 hectares of dry land, the loss of 25% of the aid received in the current period for 700,000 hectares of olive groves and a reduction of between 30 and 40% of aid for all irrigation.

With the publication of the rights in April 2023, the Asaja organization gave some real examples of losses: A farmer in the Sevillian countryside with 36 hectares of rice will go from earning 35,380 euros to 23,194. Another with 25 hectares of olive groves in the same region, from 7,182 to 5,421. And a third with a dry land of 80 hectares in the same area, goes from 20,563 to 14,775.

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