First blow on the table for Donald Trump in his aspirations to return to the White House. The former president of the United States, favorite in the polls to win the Iowa caucuses, has won with a “loud victory” over the rest of the opponents in the first major event of the Republican primaries, according to projections published by CNN, Fox News and NBC, with only a few hundred votes counted.
With all the polls in favor, what is really being decided in Iowa is how much distance Donald Trump is going to get over the second opponent and who is going to occupy that position. The governor of Florida, Ron DeSantis and the former governor of South Carolina and former US ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley They are the two candidates most likely to put the favorite of Republican voters in trouble. Businessman Vivek Ramaswamy and former Arkansas Governor Asa Hutchinson, with little chance, are practically left out of the race for the White House.
Thus, according to the CNN television network, Donald Trump would have obtained 16 delegates (with 2,656 votes), a figure much higher than that of the governor of Florida, Ron DeSantis, with four delegates (1,201 votes, 22.1%), since the former US ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, with four other delegates (1,186 votes, 21.4%).
To date, the largest victory recorded in a Republican caucus in Iowa was in 1988. In that event, candidate Bob Dole obtained 37.35% of the votes and won with almost 13 points over the second, Pat Robertson (24.57%) and very far from George HW Bush (18.59%), third in those primaries but who would end up becoming the party’s candidate and winner of the elections to the White House.
Trump expects “a tremendous night”
The day in Iowa is marked by the polar cold wave that affects the entire northern and central United States, but Donald Trump has warmed the atmosphere before the start of the caucuses with his appearance, to applause, in a center designated for the vote with the idea of mobilizing his base with his anti-immigrant speech.
“We did a job like frankly no one has done in a long time. When I was in the White House, we didn’t have terrorism, we didn’t have people coming into our country. We didn’t have an invasion, with people who, frankly, are coming from all over the world. and mental institutions around the world,” said the former president.
With the polls in his favor and aware that things would have to go a long way to avoid being elected, Donald Trump has pointed out that he hoped to experience a historic night in Iowa: “We have already won twice, as you know, two elections, and I believe “Tonight we are going to have a tremendous night. The people are fantastic and I have never seen spirit like there is now throughout the country, in Iowa,” the Republican declared.
How caucuses work
A caucus is one of the ways by which North American parties choose their candidates for the presidential elections. It is not only a matter of the Republicans, but also of the Democrats, who this year have delayed their process in Iowa and it is expected in March.
In a caucus, participants physically show their preference for a certain candidate by gathering with other like-minded voters in a designated spot in a room. Citizens go to the voting center of their corresponding district to discuss out loud and vote on a piece of paper who they want to be the candidate of a party. In front of the closed and secret cabin, everything is seen here. In Iowa, 1,657 electoral districts have been designated, whose citizens will vote in about 700 centers, which are generally located in public buildings such as schools or libraries.
Anyone over 18 years of age can vote on the day of the election, who is registered in a district as a Republican Party voter or who registers that same night at special tables located in the voting centers.
In any case, the election is not direct, since what the citizens of Iowa are deciding is the composition of the delegation of said state in the national conventions, where the proclamation of the candidate for the presidential elections in the United States will be formally carried out. The Republican Party will hold its convention from July 15 to 18 in Milwaukee (Wisconsin), while the Democrats will do so from August 19 to 22 in Chicago (Illinois).