The institutions of the European Union They agreed this Friday artificial intelligence law that allows or prohibits the use of technology depending on the risk it poses to people and that seeks to boost the European industry against giants such as China and the United States.
“The EU artificial intelligence law is pioneer in the world. A single legal framework for the development of artificial intelligence that can be trusted,” said the president of the European Commission, Ursula Von der Leyenin a message on the social network X (formerly Twitter).
The agreement came after 36 hours of negotiations and it will still have to be ratified by the European Parliament and the Council of the EU, the institution that represents European governments.
The pact was reached after three days of intense negotiations in which One of the sensitive points has been the use that law enforcement agencies will be able to make of biometric identification cameras. to guarantee national security and prevent crimes such as terrorism or the protection of infrastructure.
The rule bans facial recognition cameras in public spacesbut governments have pushed to allow them in specific cases, always with prior judicial authorization.
The other major issue that has focused the negotiations is the regulation of foundational models of artificial intelligencethe systems on which programs with ChatGPT, from the company OpeanAI, or Bard, from Google, are based.
Initially, the law was not intended to regulate these types of systems, because they had not yet become popular when Brussels proposed the law in April 2021, but community institutions have seen the need to legislate them since the outbreak of ChatGPT last year.
The negotiations were intense, since the objective of the law is to regulate the use of a technology with great possibilities for society, which at the same time raises doubts and some questions that the developers of artificial intelligence still do not know how to answer, according to sources familiar with the debates.
The Spanish presidency of the EU Council has achieved one of its main objectives in this semester with the agreement of this pioneering standard in the world.