DOLORES HIDALGO, Ocosingo, Chis; (apro).- Thousands of men, women, boys and girls, including militiamen and support bases of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), as well as adherents to the Declaration for Life, as well as sympathizers who came from various corners of the country and other nations of the world celebrated the 30th anniversary of the armed uprising, where they confirmed that in their new stage of struggle they do not need to kill soldiers, but that if they are attacked, they will defend themselves.
In the voice of Subcomandante Insurgente Moisés, as the official speaker of the General Command of the Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee of the EZLN, (CC-CCRI), the Zapatistas announced the new stage of struggle in which they plan to work the lands recovered in 1994 “in common” as a new way to counteract capitalism that imposes the possession of land as private, ejidal or communal property.
This is a new form of struggle that they proclaimed in their twentieth and last statement on December 20, 2023, “The common and non-property” in which they propose to respect the lands that are personal-family property, “and the that are for collective work, this non-property is created, on land recovered in these years of war. And it is proposed that we work together in shifts, regardless of what party you are, or what religion, or what color, or what size, or what gender you are.”
First in the Tzeltal indigenous language and then “in Castile,” Subcomandante Moisés spoke in that wooden pavilion built for this celebration from the Caracol “Resistance and Rebellion: A New Horizon,” inaugurated three years ago in the town of Dolores Hidalgo, a town founded by Zapatistas on land recovered after the armed uprising of January 1, 1994.
At the event where thousands of people were present, members of groups, collectives, associations, organizations and movements that signed the so-called Declaration for Life, indigenous peoples gathered in the National Indigenous Congress, the Sixth World Cup, as well as non-governmental organizations defending human rights, the Zapatistas reaffirmed their fight that they began 30 years ago.
In the booth were all the members of the EZLN General Command and representatives of all the Zapatista territories, among them Insurgente Captain Moisés, dressed in black and smoking his pipe. In front of all of them, spokesperson Moisés established the position of the armed group. that emerged from the Lacandona Jungle on December 31, 1993 and was known to the entire world on January 1, 1994.
In front of Moisés and in front of the entire command, the Zapatistas placed the chairs of the absent, of the murdered women, children, of the disappeared, of the searching mothers, of those who died in this fight 30 and 40 years ago. , of all those who fight in the Zapatista movement and other struggles in other social movements in the country.
“The searching mothers and fathers are not there. The disappeared are not there. There are no political prisoners. The murdered men and women are not there. The murdered young men and women are not there, the murdered boys and girls are not there. Our grandparents who fought more than 500 years ago are also not here. But our fallen comrades who have already fulfilled their duty, comrades, men and support bases, comrades and companions, are also missing,” Moisés said.
Although he pointed out that it is not about remembering the Zapatista comrades who fell in this struggle 30 or 40 years ago, because they already fulfilled their duty, but rather to remind all those who still live to “keep your duty in mind.”
“That’s how it is and we, the Zapatistas, have not fulfilled that. We cannot say that we have already done much. Until we also reach those colleagues that we are talking about from 30 years ago and 40 years ago. We are not looking to make a museum to remember us.
“We Zapatista comrades do not need people to come and give us an explanation or a political class or workshop about how the system is. So simple and simply you can see what the capitalist system is like,” Moisés said.
And those who do not want to see this crisis of the capitalist system, that will be their responsibility and that the Zapatistas do not need classes to understand that, just seeing is enough for them.
And given this, it is up to the Zapatistas to work in the community, but everyone has to understand that there are things that have to be done and worked on in common and others that do not.
“That’s why we have a head to think and that’s why we have eyes to realize it and that’s why we have a sense of smell to be able to feel, which is common and which is not common,” Moisés clarified.
He made two issues clear: the ownership of the recovered lands must belong to the people in common and that the people must govern themselves.
“We don’t need those who are there. They think they know everything. They decide for the teachers, they decide for the doctors, they decide for all sectors of workers. Like someone who says they are know-it-alls, they are know-it-alls because they make money there without working without breaking a sweat. No, that is why the people are the ones who have to know how to govern themselves, Zapatista companions,” said Moisés.
He proposed working more on the facts and not just leaving everything in the speech. That not everything should be plays, poetry, paintings or documentaries, and that this is not useful, he specified, because that also serves to communicate: “it is another thing to spend centuries and centuries communicating and nothing is done. Like someone who preaches and preaches, dies and there is never anything.”
And all of this must be worked on in practice, because the Zapatistas do not have a manual, they do not have a book where they must find or find out how the new form of struggle should be applied.
“What we are saying here is that, then, whoever works eats, whoever does not work, then he should eat his bill and eat his coin, let’s see if that satisfies his need for hunger, that is what we are saying, we do not need to kill.” . That is what we are saying, but for that we need organization to do the things,” Moisés indicated.
And he called on everyone to work and organize in their geography and calendar to confront capitalism, a predatory and exploitative system. Because no one is going to fight for them where they live other than themselves.
– “Does anyone believe that capitalism can be humanized?” asked Moisés.
“Noooooo,” the crowd shouted.
– The same thing we say, capitalism cannot be humanized, capitalism is not going to say, I give up on exploiting. No one, from the smallest child, wants to stop cheating, stealing and exploiting, not to mention the big ones. So not much study is needed. What is needed now is to think about how to change this and no one is going to tell us that we are the people, women and men.
“We are going to continue on that path and we are going to defend ourselves. We do not need to kill soldiers and bad governments, but if they come, we will defend ourselves,” he stated.
He questioned the political pyramid of society and the government, the one that they questioned in their tenth statement on November 14 where they stated: “The main problem is the damn pyramid. The pyramid separated the authorities from the towns, they distanced themselves between towns and authorities. The proposals from the authorities are not sent down to the people as is, nor do the opinions of the people reach the authorities.”
“It doesn’t work,” said Moisés and asked those present that if anyone believes it does, then they should prove it from their geography as they can also demonstrate that this pyramid is no good.
“So colleagues and colleagues. support bases, we are committed now. Comrades and support bases, we are alone like 30 years ago, because alone until now we have discovered this new path that we are going to follow,” indicated the deputy commander.
“To our colleagues from the National Indigenous Congress and the people of Mexico, here we are and here we live, we are going to see and we are going to get to know,” he mentioned.
“It is our task, fellow Zapatista support bases. This is what we are going to be doing throughout these years. The people rule and the government obeys and the means of production are common and it is the people who will see,” she concluded.
Prior to Moisés’ speech, some two thousand five hundred EZLN militiamen and women paraded to the rhythm of cumbia with “17 years” and “How can I forget you?” by Los Ángeles Azules or the “Cumbia sobre el Río Suena” by Celso Piña, La Carencia de Inspector.
On this occasion, the Zapatista Anthem was not sung for the first time, nor was the black flag with the red five-pointed star, the EZLN’s fighting flag, waved or honored.
The event alluding to the 30th anniversary ended with a burning of rockets and pyrotechnic fires that illuminated the night in this region of the Lacandona Jungle, as well as some mañanitas and a dance enlivened by a keyboardist from the region who made everyone dance to the cumbia rhythm.
In the surrounding area, thousands of hundreds of tents and improvised camps with plastic tarps where those attending the 30th anniversary celebrations of the EZLN spent the night.
In front of the temple where the EZLN commanders were, the rebels set up an altar with the images of some Zapatista men and women who have died in these 30 and 40 years of fighting, among them were Commander Ramona, Commander Germán, founder of the EZLN , Commander Abel and Francisco Gómez, better known as Commander Hugo or Señor Ik.